The policy describes faith and finance as the major differentiator between the Pension Boards and other benefits plan providers, and also discusses the development of a “faith and finance filter” for new and existing products and services. It sets forth a process for achieving key organizational objectives as we endeavor to meet the changing needs of the 21st Century Church. It further reflects the Pension Boards’ desire to collaborate faithfully with all of our covenant partners and ministries in the Church and the ecumenical community, and to increase our witness to sustainability in ways that respond to the call for justice, equality, and service.
Click here to download a copy of the Policy for Faith and Finance. We encourage you to read this policy, to share it with others in your ministry settings, and to use it in group study and discussion. We also welcome your comments and questions.
Updated on Thursday, 26 February 2015
Please note: The IRS rulings referenced below do not apply to participants in the UCC Medical Plan. There are also no tax liabilities if your church pays for coverage through the UCC Plan. Churches that do not participate in the UCC Medical Plan are encouraged to seek tax advice and counsel from their own attorneys and/or tax advisers.
Since 1961, Internal Revenue Service Ruling 61-146 has authorized employers (churches) to reimburse employees on a pre-tax basis some or all of the cost of purchasing individual health insurance coverage. Many congregations have relied on this revenue ruling to reimburse pastors and lay employees for the cost of individual health insurance coverage or to pay the premiums for such coverage directly to the insurance company on behalf of employees. These arrangements are commonly referred to as employer payment plans, and are sometimes provided through stand-alone health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs).
The IRS recently began to issue guidance as to the application of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) coverage mandates to employer payment plans and stand-alone HRAs, and declared that pre-tax reimbursement of individual health insurance premiums, or direct payment of individual health insurance premiums through a stand-alone HRA, fails to satisfy the ACA’s coverage mandates. So, if as a minister or lay employee you are reimbursed for insurance purchased on the marketplace exchange, privately or through your spouse/partner, it is a taxable event according to IRS guidance.
In additional guidance, the IRS provided that even if an employer reimburses premiums under an employer payment plan or directly pays individual health insurance premiums on an after-tax basis, the arrangement fails to satisfy the ACA’s coverage mandates.
On February 17, 2015, the IRS issued transition relief from excise tax penalties under the ACA for small employers (those with fewer than 50 full-time equivalent employees) for violations of the ACA “Market Reforms” by offering “employer payment plans” to employees to purchase or reimburse individual policies of health insurance.
The transition relief frees small employers from the excise tax penalties for these plan failures from January 1, 2014 through June 30, 2015. After June 30, 2015, small employers may be liable for the tax if they haven’t complied with the IRS requirement. (For more information, please see IRS Notice 2015-17.)
Specifically, this IRS guidance means that a congregation can no longer reimburse an employee for the cost of his or her health insurance policy or pay the cost of such policy directly to the insurer, on either a tax-free or after-tax basis, regardless of whether the coverage was purchased through the health marketplace or through the private market, without incurring significant penalties.
Churches that currently offer employer payment plans – on either a pre-tax or after-tax basis – should replace those plans with another option to avoid substantial penalties. Two alternatives that should be considered include the following:
- The church adopts the UCC Medical Plan and makes application to enroll its clergy and lay employees, and their eligible dependents.
- Provide additional taxable compensation to employees, in an amount that is not tied to the cost of individual health insurance coverage and without any requirement that the employee actually purchase individual health insurance. Essentially, the additional compensation would simply be an increase to salary in recognition that the church is no longer providing health insurance coverage.
© 2014 Pension Fund of the Christian Church. Used and adapted with permission.